WHAT IS TYPE 2 DIABETES?
When we eat a meal, the sugar from our food enters our bloodstream. To manage this increase in sugar within the blood and keep our blood glucose level normal, our body releases a cascade of hormones including insulin.
The excess sugar is stored in the tissue of our muscles, liver and fat for when we need it later. When an individual has Diabetes, their ability to control their sugars within the optimum range is impaired because they either don’t produce enough insulin, or they don’t produce insulin at all.
This is where an Exercise Physiologist can help. With the use of an appropriate exercise program, we can help manage your blood sugar levels and increase your sensitivity to insulin.
HOW DOES MODERATE INTENSITY EXERCISE HELP?
As previously mentioned, excess sugars are stored in the muscles. Our body is able to access and use these stores when we do moderate to intense resistance training or perform cardiovascular exercise to a similar intensity. This is due to the demand that this type of exercise places on the body and the specific muscle fibres used.
Once we finish a bout of exercise, two things occur;
- We replace the energy we used in our muscles by taking sugar out of the blood and storing it for our next exercise session.
- Our body is now more sensitive to insulin, allowing us to cope with the remaining sugar in the blood and overall lowering these levels.
This effect of exercise lasts for about 24-48hrs telling us that regular exercise will help sustain the lower levels of sugar and assist in managing your Type 2 Diabetes.
If you have Diabetes or would like to know more about this, please seek professional advice from your doctor or one of our amazing Exercise Physiologists before commencing a training program.